image086

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HERALDIC SYMBOLS OF GEORGIA

Мichael Wadbolsky

 

Translated from Georgian by Mary Bitsadze and Andrew Andersen

Web-edition: Andrew Andersen

 

 

 

Part 1

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

ASTRAL SYMBOLS

 

 

 

 

 

Solar symbol.

Ceramic vase. 2nd millennium BC.

 

Solar symbol.

Ceramic vase. 2nd millennium BC.

 

 

 

 

 

Solar symbols: Solar Rings and Spirals.

Bronze belt. 2nd millennium BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar symbols

Zoomorphic animals in the Solar Ring surrounded by the spirals

 

 

Solar Symbol.

(Spiral)

 

 

Solar symbol

 

 

Solar symbol

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magic signs

(Solar rings; Bull one of the symbols of Solar Cult)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magic sign (Vani)

 

 

Magic signs

 

 

 

 

 

Rider

(Buckle. Bronze Age)

 

Magic signs

Solar symbols on the body of a mythical animal.

Bronze belt from Trialeti.

Bronze belt. 2nd millennium BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magic signs

(Solar rings and parallel lines on a bronze axe of Kobani type)

 

 

 

Talisman with Solar rings

(Bronze Age)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Talisman with Solar rings

(Bronze Age)

 

 

 

 

Magic sign

(Spiral)

 

 

 

 

Magic sign

(Spiral. Armazi stone)

 

 

Magic sign

(Solar symbol)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magic sign

(Solar symbol)

 

 

Cross in a ring

(Enguri. Bronze Age)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magic Sign (Solar symbol)

 

 

Dragon (Bracelet, Bronze Age)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ТОТЕM SYMBOLS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wolf (Gveri. Bronze axes of Colchian and Kobani types)

 

 

 

 

Wolf (Gveri. Bronze axes of Colchian and Kobani types)

 

 

 

 

 

SYMBOLS OF SOLAR AND LUNAR DEITIES

 

 

 

Lunar Deity

(2nd millennium BC)

 

 

Solar Lady

(Deity of fertility and of the solar cycle -

A human figure with bull head. Colchian coin. 5th century BC)

 

Steed a symbol of Solar Cult

(Golden detail of a saddle.

Akhalgori. 6th century BC)

 

 

 

 

Steed heavenly messenger

(Talisman. Bronze Age)

 

Steed

(Solar Cult sign. Bronze Age)

 

 

Cult horse in front of an altar
(Bowl from Bori. 11th century)

 

 

 

Cult horse in front of an altar
(Bowl from Armazi. 11th century)

 

Bull head

Bronze figure from Kazbegi treasury

(Ca 7th-6th centuries BC)

 

 

 

 

 

 



Mythical animal (Male Stag Deer) with Solar symbols

(Bronze Colchian buckles)

The deer is attacked by underworld creatures

(6th century BC)

 

 

 

Bull head

(Colchian coin. 5th century BC)

Lion head.

(Colchian coin. 6th century BC)

 

 

Lion.

(Colchian coin. 6th century BC)

 

 

 

Mythical animal (Male Stag Deer) with Solar symbols

(Bronze Colchian buckles)

The deer is attacked by underworld creatures

(6th century BC)

 

 

Lion, gazelle, bird, tur, snake, wolf, etc.

(Silver bowl from Maikop. Ca 3rd -2nd millennium BC)

 

 

 

Birds - the celestial messengers

(Symbol of power. Gold. Akhalgori Treasury. 6th century BC)

 

 

 

Birds - the celestial messengers

(Akhalgori Treasury. 6th century BC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zoomorphic griffin-like animals

 

 

Griffin (Ancient signet ring)

 

Snake-eating griffins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cult symbol

 

 

Aries

 

 

Swans

(Silver bowl. Kazbegi treasury. 6th century BC)

 

 

 

 

 

Graphemes signs of bricklayers

(Аnalogous to the astral and magical symbols)

 

1.    Symbols on dishes (Dablaghomi)

2.    Symbols on ceramic objects (Mtskheta)

3.    Symbols from the chapel of Mtskheta Jvari.

4.    Symbols from the cathedral of Mtskheta Jvari.

5.    Symbols from Ateni Sioni cathedral (7th century)

6.    Symbols from Akvanebi church (7th century)

7.    Symbols from Zguderi church

8.    Symbols from Tsromi cathedral (7th century)

 

 

Bul head with cross

(Bolnisi Sioni cathedral. 5th century)

 

See nelow (ANALOGIES):

The same bull head with a cross in Lithuanian heraldry

 

 

 

 

Peacocks on both sides of the cross.

(Bolnisi Sioni cathedral. 5th century)

 

 

 

 

 

Lions with the Solar symbol

(Bolnisi Sioni cathedral. 5th century)

 

 

Cross in a ring, possibly a standard.

(Bolnisi Sioni cathedral. 5th century)

 

 

 

The Tree of Life

(Bolnisi Sioni cathedral. 5th century)

 

 

Zoroastrian emblem

(altar and a crescent).

Georgian-Sassanid coin. 6th century

 

 

 

 

Christian symbol.

(a cross combined with a Zoroastrian altar).

Georgian-Sassanid coin. 6th century

 

 

Deer drinking from the heavenly source.
(Ateni Sioni cathedral.
7th century)

 

 

 

 

Eagle and lion

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century)

 

 

 

Cross composition.
(Symbol of Golgotha. Ateni
Sioni cathedral. 7th century)

 

 

 

 

 

Cult composition

(Solar symbol with crosses.

Ateni Sioni cathedral. 7th century)

 

 

 

 

Symbol of a hand

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century)

 

 

Senmurv

(Winged dog. Ateni Sioni cathedral. 7th century)

 

 

 

 

Cross of David III Curopalate, 10th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bull head. Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century

The rings around the bull eyes indicate that this symbol belongs to Solar cult

 

Lion with Solar symbol.

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century)

 

 

 

Cult composition: pigeons and saltire

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symbol of winged time.

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 11th century)

 

 

 

Six-winged angel.

(Svetitskhoveli cathedral. 1029)

 

 

 

Mythical animals: griffins, senmurv, lion.

Nikortsminda cathedral, 1014.

 

 

Griffins. Nikortsminda cathedral, 11th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bull. Nikortsminda cathedral, 1014.

 

 

Griffins. Nikortsminda cathedral, 1014.

 

 

 

Peacocks. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

 

Eagle. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

Paskuijee. Georgian mythical bird similar to Humayun. Nikortsminda cathedral, 1014.

 

Syrena mermaid. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

 

 

Eagle. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

 

Peacocks. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

 

 

Eagles. Bagrati cathedral, 1003.

 

 

 

 

Lion and bull. Oshki monastery, 961.

 

 

 

Peacocks on both sides of the cross. Патара Они. X век.

 

 

Griffin. Martvili monastery. 7th century (reconstructed in the 10th century).

 

 

 

 

Griffin. Samtavisi cathedral, 11th century.

 

 

 

Griffin. Khakhuli monastery, 10th century.

 

 

Eagle. Khakhuli monastery, 10th century.

 

 

 

 

Lion and bull. Вале. Х век.

 

 

 

Cross and Solar symbol. Usaneti church, 791-802.

 

 

 

Syrena mermaid. Ceramic vase, 791-802.

 

 

Hare. Zeghani chapel, 6th-7th centuries

 

 

 

 

Fish. Coin of Quarquare Atabag. 15th century

 

 

Symbol of a hand. Hand with chisel. Pocobanerdi, Kisteti

 

 

 

 

 

Cult symbol of a hand.

Signature of Pathriarch-Catholicos Domentian. 10th century.

 

 

 

Cross and pigeons. Chabuktita church.

 

 

Cross and pigeons. Chabuktita church.

 

 

St. Nina cross

 

 

Mythical creature. Sagittarius

 

 

Cross combined with the Solar symbol.

 

 

 

Lady-sphynx under Solar sign.

 

 

Christian cult symbols with strongpagan influence and clearly seen Solar cult elements.

 

 

 

 

Christian cult composition.

 

 

 

Rooster. Cult symbol.

 

 

St. George

 

 

 

Cult symbol (decor)

 

 

 

St. George

 

 

 

 

St. Thevdore (Theodore)

 

 

Deer with the face of Christ between the antlers

 

 

 

 

Lion devours bull (decor)

 

 

Lion devours deer (decor)

 

 

 

 

Winged lion devours kite (decor)

 

 

Double-headed eagle (fabric, 10th century)

 

 

 

 

Eagles. Heraldic composition (fabric, 10th century).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

А N А L О G I E S

 

 

 

 

Hittite cult composition

 

 

Hittite magic signs

 

 

 

Lion-headed eagle (Hittite standard)

 

 

 

 

Senmurv (Winged dog. Egypt)

 

Головы быков (Крито-Микенская культура)

 

 

 

Winged bull (Emblem of Mithridates VI of Pontus)

 

 

Hittite symbolic composition

 

 

Hittite double-headed eagles

 

 

Babylonian cult composition

(Fish symbolizes Lunar cult)

 

 

 

 

 

Sumer cross

 

 

Rooster (Persian symbol)

 

 

 

 

Magic sign (Babylon)

 

 

Monster (Eagle-man. Hittite composition)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Griffin (Bowl of Sumer King Gudea)

 

 

Hand as a magic symbol (Egyptian amulet)

 

 

 

 

 

Hand as a magic symbol (Arabian amulet)

 

Kaunas (Lithuania), coat of arms - vector image

 

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ff/Kaunas_County_COA.gif

 

Bull and bull head with crosses between the horns in the civic arms of Kaunas (left) and in the arms of Kaunas county (right) in Lithuania